Misophonia is a condition in which a person experiences extreme negative emotional and physiological reactions to certain sounds. Common sound sensitivities that are produced from other people usually originate from the mouth and include chewing, breathing, lip smacking and speaking. These auditory triggers elicit heightened emotional responses that include annoyance, disgust, anger, rage and in some cases, pain. The emotional reaction and the intensity or duration of the sound are not necessarily in proportion. In other words, a person's reaction can be more exaggerated than the objective experience of the sound itself.
Currently, there is no established evidence-based treatment due to a lack of research. A preliminary summary of the research on treatment efficacy indicates there may be a benefit to doing exposure and response prevention, distress tolerance, and psychoeducation. Lastly, accommodations alone without the presence of one or more of the treatments mentioned above is not advised for long-term reduction of the distress and avoidance. Examples of accommodations include earplugs, noise cancelling headphones, the use of white noise or 'quiet zones'.